There is little doubt that the most popular types of firearms today are semi-auto pistols and semi-auto military-style rifles. I think many shooters tend to overlook the humble shotgun. The shotgun has been around since the mid-1500s as a hunting arm and a self defense tool. It is still very effective in those roles today, as well as being a great sporting gun for Trap and Skeet matches. It is the single most versatile type of firearm.
The gun gets its name from the many small lead pellets or shot that it typically fires for hunting small game such as birds and rabbits. However, loaded with several much larger pellets, known as buckshot, it has served as an effective weapon for sheriffs, police officers, soldiers and homeowners since the 1800s. In addition, shotguns loaded with a single lead “slug” weighing around ¾ to one ounce, are successfully used every hunting season to hunt deer.
Shotguns range in price from a couple of hundred bucks to many thousands of dollars. Here’s a link to Field&Stream’s roundup of Ten Best Cheap Shotguns for Hunting Turkeys: